In Switzerland, they were originally used as farm dogs. They were protection and guard dogs. They were also used work as herd dogs for the Alpine herders and to pull milk carts.
Their body color is always black, rust and white. Their markings will vary from dog to dog. They are large and strong.
The male will be 64 to 70cm at the shoulder, and the female will be 58 to 66cm at the shoulder.
They are big dogs, so they need to be socialized and trained. They need gentle but firm handling.
Their coat is medium long and soft. It will be wavy or straight. They need regular brushing.
They are confident, good nurtured and alert. They are friendly and good around adults, children and animals. They are extremely loyal and affectionate to their owners.
Sadly they are not a long lived breed. Their average lifespan is 7.5 to 9 years and sometimes not that long. They are prone to getting gastric torsion.
If they do not get regular exercise, they may get destructive. They are good with children.
Sources and credits: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernese-mountain-dog www.terrificpets.com Picture courtesy of: Pixabay.